Asked by: J. Castro
bioecological, Bronfenbrenner, essay, exosystem, macrosystem, mesosystem, microsystem, my, systems, theory, write
Jack Decker on Mar 03, 2011
Urie Bronfenbrenner led to the development of the ecological theories that shape development. He depicts four systems that contain norms, rules and norms that influence a child’s development. Renamed ‘bioecological systems theory’, emphasis is that the biological changes in a child are the primary sources of any development while the external factors are huge contributors ‘will steer the development’, (Addison, J.T, 1992). It has been held that the body supports and directs all body actions and operations influenced by the outward interaction with the environment.
The ecological environment is therefore divided into:
Microsystem: This environment is said to encompass the family of the child, school and any other immediate environment that the child comes in contact with.
Mesosystem: This occurs when two or more Microsystems interact to shape the child. Various occurrences take place at home, and do at home. When the child tries to relate the two then the resultant influence is categorized under mesosystem.
Exosystem: These are those environments whose influence on the child is indirect. He never or rarely comes in contact with them but there influence is huge, (Yukti Ahuja, pdf). The workplace of a parent, hospital can be appropriate examples.
Macrosystem: A combination of several other factors gives rise to this. When all are taken into context and analyzed on how they have influenced the child’s life and development, the environment shall be deemed to be a macrosystem.
The development of a child can hence be summarized as being influenced by politics, the economy, the family and several of their structures. This is possible courtesy of the invention by Bronfenbrenner.
Addison, J. T. (1992). ‘Urie Bronfenbrenner. Human Ecology.’ 20(2), 16-20.
Yukti Ahuja. ‘Bronfenbrenner Ecological Theory.’ (Pdf) retrieved February 23, 2011 http://www.mymontessoriacademy.com/newsletters/websitebronfenbrennerecologicaltheory.pdf
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