Juvenile Justice

When we talk about Juvenile Justice, we need to know about Juvenile crime and Juvenile court. Juvenile court is a special type of court which deals with the under- age defaulters or criminals. This is the condition when the criminals are under 18. Almost all the states conduct juvenile cases in the juvenile court as they are minors, but a few states have a cut off age for this too. It is believed that youth are fundamentally different than the adults and can be brought to the correct path with proper guidance. They even differ in responsibility, power and potential for rehabilitation.
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In spite of these facts, juvenile court and laws are quite flexible. Recently due to increase in violence, juvenile crime judges sometimes transfer juveniles to adult criminal court. Its a fact that repeated and serious crime even results into imprisonment of juveniles. In 1988, the U.S Supreme Court had struck down the death penalty of the crime committed by the juveniles under 16 of age. But again later after a year, the court refused to hear a similar case of juvenile of 17 in juvenile court, as it protected a criminal of severe offense. In 2005 the U.S Supreme Court said, it was cruel to impose death sentence to the teens. What do you say? Isn’t it a wrong decision as the teen crime will go on increasing if there is no severe punishment.
Edward Humes after his research stated that the juvenile court has sent many children to rehabilitation center and this method has worked out too. Data shows that 57% of children arrested for the first time have never been arrested again, 27% have been arrested once or twice again and only 16% committed crime even after that. So rehabilitation works out well in framing and molding children better than very severe punishment. But severe crime can not be ignored without punishment.